Here we will talk about all levels of education in Germany that strange very very strange country
Germany locates in Europe
The responsibility for the education system
in Germany lies primarily with the states
(Länder), while the federal government
plays a minor role. Optional Kindergarten
(nursery school) education is provided for
all children between two and six years of age,
after which school attendance is compulsory.
The system varies throughout Germany
because each state (Land) decides its own
educational policies. Most children, however,
first attend Grundschule from the age of six to ten.
German secondary education includes
five types of school. The Gymnasium is
designed to prepare pupils for higher
education and finishes with the final
examination Abitur, after grade 12, mostly year
13. The Realschule has a broader range of
emphasis for intermediate pupils and finishes
with the final examination Mittlere Reife,
after grade 10; the Hauptschule prepares
pupils for vocational education and finishes
with the final examination Hauptschulabschluss,
after grade 9 and the Realschulabschluss
after grade 10. There are two types of grade 10:
one is the higher level called type 10b and
the lower level is called type 10a; only
the higher-level type 10b can lead to
the Realschule and this finishes with
the final examination Mittlere Reife after grade
10b. This new path of achieving
the Realschulabschluss at a vocationally
oriented secondary school was changed by
the statutory school regulations in 1981 – with
a one-year qualifying period. During the one-year
qualifying period of the change to the new regulations,
pupils could continue with class 10 to
fulfil the statutory period of education.
After 1982, the new path was compulsory, as explained above.
Other than this, there is the Gesamtschule, which combines the Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium. There are also Förderschulen/Sonderschulen. One in 21 pupils attends a Förderschule. Nevertheless, the Förderschulen/Sonderschulen can also lead, in special circumstances, to a Hauptschulabschluss of both type 10a or type 10b, the latter of which is the Realschulabschluss. Most German children only attend school in the morning. There are usually no provisions for serving lunch. The amount of extracurricular activity is determined individually by each school and varies greatly.